9 Replies Latest reply: Feb 15, 2012 9:03 AM by MikeArmstrong RSS

    The Geographic Center of the World

      If you've ever wondered where the geographic center of the world's land area is, the coordinates are latitude 34 deg 26 min North and longitude 27 deg 19 min East. This puts it in the eastern Mediterranean Sea about halfway between Athens and Alexandria. In tribute to these centers of ancient Greek civilization, the geographic center of the world's land area will be designated "Mesogeos".

      The Mathcad 11 worksheet to determine the location of Mesogeos and a brief technical explanation are attached. The worksheet is set up to automatically download a 10 minute resolution world map. A 5 minute resolution map is available but working with it can strain both system resources and one's patience.

      An equal-area projection centered on Mesogeos (red x) follows. The country closest to the antipode of Mesogeos is New Zealand and so, like an object too close to a black hole, it gets cruelly distorted.

        • The Geographic Center of the World
          Reading some more ancient literature, the center of the earth mass was at the great pyramid. Maybe they made the antarctic a bit too big. And that is interesting, because Antlantis is in that area. We don't see it anymore because under the sea.

            • The Geographic Center of the World

              That's interesting because, due to seafloor spreading, the geographic center of the earth's land area is very slowly moving northwestward. But the spreading since the building of the pyramids has been negligible (much less than a kilometer).

              More important over the span of human history would be changes in sea level. At the height of the last ice age, about twenty thousand years ago, sea level was about 100 meters lower than it is today. This would have a significant effect on land area distribution.
            • Re: The Geographic Center of the World
              Tezza2010 Bronze

              This depends on the bounds you to set to define the problem in the first place. If you take the last 15 degree of arc off the west edge and add it to the east edge. The calculation changes???? Same applies to north south direction. The answer depends on your arbitary start view of the 2D coordinate set.


              Start pont is arbitary and is just a "convention" for practical reasons that poles are 90 lat, and 0 E/W passes through a particular point so east west limits on projection are 180E, 180W. This does not need to be. Change this convention and answer would be different.


              Very Europe centric answer. Near the centre of the arbitary bounds. You could make it Indian, NEMA, Latin American, South East Asian, Polynesian or even Bermuda centric by changing the start view. Please play the "lost in space" theme at this point.


              The 2D coincidence in the med is only the arbitary start. The real 3D centroid based on area at the surface exclusive of convention would be kinda hot.